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All Posts Tagged: physiotherapy

Physiotherapy for ACL reconstruction in Nigeria

 

acl reconstuction Nigeria

Resistance exercise of lower limbs

The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is a supporting structure in the knee joint which helps to stabilise the knee and contributes to its movement.  Because of its anatomical position, the ACL is susceptible to injury particularly during high risk activity or sports such as football and basketball. Injury to the ACL is a fairly common occurrence with almost half of the cases requiring surgery for repair, hence the need for ACL reconstruction. Often times, associated damage may occur to other structures in the knee joint such as the meniscus or the surface of the bone.

Common triggers of ACL tear are:

  • Stopping suddenly while running
  • Twisting of the knee with the foot planted on the ground
  • Jumping and landing on an extended knee
  • A direct blow or hit to the knee while it is fixed
  • Pushing the knee farther than its usual range of movement
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What is Coccydynia (Tailbone pain, Coccygodynia, Cocalgia)?

 

courtesy twitter

Coccygodynia is a debilitating pain around the coccyx. This pain is usually triggered by sitting or transiting from sitting to standing. The pain may sometimes radiate to the spine, sacrum, buttocks or thighs. Tailbone pain is more common in women than in men and is suspected to be related to increased pressure during pregnancy or childbirth.

Associated symptoms of Coccydynia

  • Limited movement in the thoracic spine
  • Limited movement or poor alignment in the lumbar spine
  • Limited movement in the hip musculature
  • Tension in the pelvic muscle floor

 

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What is Incontinence?

courtesy north eastern urology

Incontinence is when there is a leakage of urine while sneezing, laughing, coughing or doing exercises. Incontinence can also be occur when one cannot hold urine long enough to get to the bathroom and leakage occurs in the underwear. Incontinence is a fairly common occurrence in female population and in the senior citizens. Women are prone to incontinence after pregnancy and childbirth.

There are three types of incontinence

  • Stress incontinence
  • Urge incontinence
  • Overactive bladder
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Plantar Fascitis or Pain in the foot

 

Plantar Fascitis is the most common cause of heel pain in adults. It often occurs as a result of repetitive use or excessive load on the fascia of the foot. The fascia is a band of connective tissue beneath the skin which acts as a shock absorber, attaches and stabilises different segments in the foot. For a long time, plantar fasciitis was thought to be an inflammatory process but recent research is showing that it may be a degenerative process.

Plantar fasciitis can either be caused by traction or compression injuries.

 

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What is SIJ dysfunction?

 

The sacro-iliac joint is a system of joint connecting the lower spine and the pelvis. The lowest part of the spine, the sacrum which is also called the tailbone connects the two pelvic bones on the right and left called the ilia to form the sacro-iliac joint.

Normally, movement at the sacro-iliac joint is limited to a few millimetres but trauma and pregnancy can cause increased movement in this region which may result in SIJ pain.  Abnormality of movement and impaired muscle activation contribute to SIJ dysfunction and SIJ pain.

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What is Achilles tendonitis or Achilles tendinopathy

courtesy, shutterstock

This occurs when there is pain and swelling at the insertion of the tendon at the ankle joint, specifically at the calcaneus bone. It is almost always a posterior heel pain and it is associated with overuse of the calf muscles or abnormal biomechanical stress on the foot and ankle

Symptoms of Achilles tendonitis

  • Difficulty in performing strenuous activities such as running, jumping or making quick turns
  • Pain that is achy or occasionally sharp which worsens with increased activity
  • Increased pain in the area when contact is made with back of footwear
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What is Iliotibial band syndrome?

 

courtesy eorthopod

ITB syndrome is when there is discomfort or pain on the outside of the knees particularly in runners. The cause of the pain is commonly from repetitive friction from the sliding movement of the iliotibial band as the knee is bent particularly between 30 and 45 degrees.  The iliotibial band is a fibrous tissue that attaches to the femoral condyle at the knee. ITB syndrome falls under the category of repetitive trauma and overuse injury.

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Brain Drain in Nigeria- as always, the north is different from the south

As a physiotherapist whose profession in Nigeria has been severely impacted by brain drain, watching the news about the xenophobic crime in South Africa made me curious why certain tribes in Nigeria apparently favour migration more than others. It is usually viewed purely from a socio-economic perspective but if northern Nigeria is relatively poorer than other regions, why are they less likely to migrate out of the country in search of “greener pastures” Why are the southerners-despite being relatively economically advantaged more likely to seek greener pastures?

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What is a Stroke?

Stroke, sometimes called cerebrovascular accident is a term used to describe interruption of blood supply to the brain. This interruption can be caused by either a blocked or ruptured blood vessel. It then causes the brain cells to lose oxygen supply and the part of the body where the brain controls becomes impaired.

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Early Intervention or Physiotherapy for Children with Special Needs or Cerebral Palsy Disability

 

Early intervention is a service for babies or toddlers who have developmental delay or disability. Typically, this ranges from birth till age three though some children still require help after age three.

The aim of early intervention focuses on teaching the child basic skills which normally develop in the first three years of life but which the child is struggling with. There are five broad categories:

  • Cognitive (thinking, learning, solving problems)
  • Physical (rolling, reaching, transferring, crawling and walking)
  • Communication (listening, talking, understanding)
  • Self-help (eating, dressing)
  • Social/Emotional (playing, happy, integration, security)
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