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What is Erbs Palsy or Brachial Plexus Injury?

Erbs Palsy is a paralysis or weakness of the muscles of the arm following an injury to a plexus of nerves in the upper limb region called the brachial plexus. An injury to part of this plexus results in weakness or paralysis of certain muscles in the arm. Though there are different types of injuries, Erbs palsy is the most frequently occurring one usually associated with assisted childbirth. The birth injury typically occurs when there is a stretch on the shoulder, arm or neck while assisting with delivery. This injury affects the C5-C6 nerve root and its deformity is commonly described as waiter’s tip deformity. Trauma, dislocation and gunshot can also cause brachial plexus injury in adults.

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Help for Suicide, Depression and Domestic Violence in Nigeria…Calling all Clinicians and Religious Leaders

 

In the last couple of weeks, there have been news reports of domestic violence, attempted suicide and suicide in Nigeria. Anonymous follow up comments on popular blogs has also revealed how Nigerians struggle with depression. It is hard to say if the incidence is increasing or increased internet access is making us more aware of their prevalence because as a nation, information gathering, documentation and access is challenging. Regardless, one thing is for certain, intervention in these issues is not a priority for the local, state or federal governments and as usual, we as individuals, as communities and private organisations have to take care of ourselves. Two simple steps can be taken to help identify and curb suicide, depression and domestic violence in our community:

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Brain Drain in Nigeria- as always, the north is different from the south

As a physiotherapist whose profession in Nigeria has been severely impacted by brain drain, watching the news about the xenophobic crime in South Africa made me curious why certain tribes in Nigeria apparently favour migration more than others. It is usually viewed purely from a socio-economic perspective but if northern Nigeria is relatively poorer than other regions, why are they less likely to migrate out of the country in search of “greener pastures” Why are the southerners-despite being relatively economically advantaged more likely to seek greener pastures?

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What is Arthritis?

Arthritis is a broad term that encompasses conditions which affect joints. Broadly speaking, the structures which protect and reinforce the joint become damaged and the patient starts to experience pain, stiffness and inflammation. For instance, the cartilage, which is the tissue that covers the bone surface and allows ease of movement wears out and the bone tissue grinds against itself causing a lot of discomfort to the patient. The most common types of arthritis are osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and juvenile arthritis.

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What is a Stroke?

Stroke, sometimes called cerebrovascular accident is a term used to describe interruption of blood supply to the brain. This interruption can be caused by either a blocked or ruptured blood vessel. It then causes the brain cells to lose oxygen supply and the part of the body where the brain controls becomes impaired.

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Early Intervention or Physiotherapy for Children with Special Needs or Cerebral Palsy Disability

 

Early intervention is a service for babies or toddlers who have developmental delay or disability. Typically, this ranges from birth till age three though some children still require help after age three.

The aim of early intervention focuses on teaching the child basic skills which normally develop in the first three years of life but which the child is struggling with. There are five broad categories:

  • Cognitive (thinking, learning, solving problems)
  • Physical (rolling, reaching, transferring, crawling and walking)
  • Communication (listening, talking, understanding)
  • Self-help (eating, dressing)
  • Social/Emotional (playing, happy, integration, security)
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Back pain in Pregnancy

 

As the baby grows within a woman’s womb, the body goes through several changes to accommodate the growing foetus. Back pain is a common occurrence in pregnant women and there are several causes.

Causes of back pain in pregnant women

Hormonal changes-relaxin which helps ligaments to prepare for birth also cause the spine to become a bit more unsteady and pain. Most commonly, the sacro-iliac joint is the most susceptible to pain during pregnancy because that is where the pelvis and spine meet.

Weight gain: The additional weight of the growing foetus means the spine, low back have to accommodate the additional weight.

Muscle diastasis: the muscles in the anterior wall may become separated which then cause the back pain to worsen since they would fail in their reinforced support of the back.

body changes in pregnancy

 

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